Sidnie White Crawford (East Stroudsburg, Pa., USA), Matriarch, Matriarchs IV. Judaism A. Second Temple and Hellenistic Judaism
Crawford begins her subsection thusly: “In Second Temple Jewish literature, the matriarchs of Israel – Sarah and Hagar, Rebekah, and Leah, Rachel, Zilpah, and Bilhah – appear alongside their male counterparts Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in retellings of Genesis, in parabiblical literature based on Genesis, and in testamentary literature. For the most part, the matriarchs simply reprise their roles in Genesis as wives and mothers, although occasionally new information about one or the other designed to fill in gaps in the Genesis narrative (especially in genealogy) appears.” The information in the remainder of the entry is helpful as well as thorough.
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